Inorganic Janus particles for biomedical applications

by I. Schick, S. Lorenz, D. Gehrig, S. Tenzer, W. Storck, K. Fischer, D. Strand, F. Laquai, W. Tremel
Year: 2014


Inorganic Janus particles for biomedical applications
I. Schick, S. Lorenz, D. Gehrig, S. Tenzer, W. Storck, K. Fischer, D. Strand, F. Laquai, W. Tremel,
Beilstein J. Nanotech. 20145, 2346-2362


​Based on recent developments regarding the synthesis and design of Janus nanoparticles, they have attracted increased scientific  interest due to their outstanding properties. There are several combinations of multicomponent hetero-nanostructures including  either purely organic or inorganic, as well as composite organic–inorganic compounds. Janus particles are interconnected by solid
state interfaces and, therefore, are distinguished by two physically or chemically distinct surfaces. They may be, for instance,  hydrophilic on one side and hydrophobic on the other, thus, creating giant amphiphiles revealing the endeavor of self-assembly.  Novel optical, electronic, magnetic, and superficial properties emerge in inorganic Janus particles from their dimensions and unique  morphology at the nanoscale. As a result, inorganic Janus nanoparticles are highly versatile nanomaterials with great potential in  different scientific and technological fields. In this paper, we highlight some advances in the synthesis of inorganic Janus nanoparti- cles, focusing on the heterogeneous nucleation technique and characteristics of the resulting high quality nanoparticles. The prop- erties emphasized in this review range from the monodispersity and size-tunability and, therefore, precise control over size-depen- dent features, to the biomedical application as theranostic agents. Hence, we show their optical properties based on plasmonic reso- nance, the two-photon activity, the magnetic properties, as well as their biocompatibility and interaction with human blood serum.


Bioimaging (CT, MRI, Multi-photon) Hetero-nanoparticles Janus particles Protein corona Synthesis